Venue: APE 2018 Full Conference > Leibniz Hall
Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Special Entrance: Gendarmenmarkt, Markgrafenstrasse 38, Berlin Mitte
Final Program. Status 6 January 2018
DAY ONE: Tuesday, 16 January 2018
08:30 - 10:00
Please note: Special entrance Markgrafenstrasse 38 opposite Concert House:
Coffee, Tea & Breakfast Snacks
10:00 - 12:30
Dr. Michiel Kolman, President, International Publishers Association (IPA), Geneva
Prof. Dr. Martin Grötschel, President, Berlin Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Berlin
Introduction of the Keynote Speakers
Prof.Dr. Wolfram Koch, Executive Director, German Chemical Society, Frankfurt am Main
- Open Science - the new Paradigm for Research and Education
- Prof. Dr-Ing. Dr. Sabine Kunst, President, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
In the context of digital transformation "Open Science" has become a key issue of national and international science policies. At the EU level this is illustrated by the European Open Science Policy Platform (OSPP), the Open Science Monitor, the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) project and many other activities. The claim to "Openness" of digital research and teaching is essential for "Open Science". From this background research results, research data, research methods and procedures as well as course and teaching content, software and tools are free of charge available and can be reused. The implementation of “Open Science” is aiming at improving disciplinary and interdisciplinary cooperation as well as low-threshold forms of knowledge and technology transfer. "Open Science" does not only concern changes in research and teaching processes, but impact moreover the funding, the governance, the collaboration and the standardization of scholarship. We will address this field in preparation of the Berlin University Alliance. This is why "Open Science" is the entry into a new "Eco-System" of research and teaching. The paradigm of open access and open data demonstrates this in particular as the changing service portfolios of the academic libraries indicate.
- The UK, Europe and Scholarly Publishing: Funders, Authors, Employers and Publishers
David Sweeney, Director Research and Knowledge Exchange at HEFCE, Executive Chair Designate of ‘Research England’
The establishment of UK Research & Innovation, the body which brings together disciplinary Research Councils with our Innovation Agency and Research England as the block-grant funder in England, will change the environment for scholarly publication in the UK. Under development is a new Scholarly Publishing Licence (similar to the Harvard licence in the States) and the Research Councils Policy Review (due imminently) will now be carried out as a collaborative activity within UKRI. This will take account of progress towards open access since the Finch Group met in 2012 and also of progress with the Research Excellence Framework Open Access arrangements.
Innovation with Participation – why we need Open Science
Prof. Dr. Johannes Vogel, Chairman, EU Open Science Policy Platform (OSPP) and Director General, Museum of Natural History, Berlin
Open science, participatory innovation and a scientifically literate citizenry are key pillars of a 21st century knowledge society and democracy. Science has to change in order to address the challenges arising from such assumption. The relationship between science, society and politics need to be recalibrated – the biggest changes are probably faces by the science establishment.
Current trends and movements arising from within science itself (from open publishing to citizen science), but also processes and imaginations at EU level and in the EU Commission hint already at forthcoming and substantial change. While probably being affected by the transition, today’s young scientists will have to be the drivers and implementers of change.
- The EU Open Access Policies - from Vision to Action
Jean-Claude Burgelman, Head of Unit: Open Data Policy and Science Cloud, Directorate A - Policy Development and Coordination, DG RTD, European Commission, Brussels
12:30 – 13:30
Lunch & Networking
13:30 – 14:30
Publishing 2020: Ramping up Relevance
Introduction of the Keynote Speakers:
Robert M. Campbell, Chairman, APE 2018 Program Committee, Oxford
A Modest Proposal: Publishing in the 21st Century
Annie Callanan, CEO, Academic Publishing Division, Taylor & Francis Group, Oxford
Annie Callanan joined Taylor & Francis as CEO in 2017. New to the world of scholarly publishing, she will share her personal perspectives of how publishing, technology and the pursuit of knowledge can contribute to solving the world’s problems, exploring existing paradigms and challenging us to think differently.
How can Academic Publishers help the Academic Clinician?
David E. Neal CBE, FMedSci, FRCS, Senior VP for Global Research, Elsevier, and Professor of Surgical Oncology, Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Oxford University
For centuries, academic publishers have worked with scientists and clinicians by circulating new information and creative thinking, helping to keep people up-to-date and enhancing scientific argument and discourse by supporting academic communities. They have helped such communities create journals, support peer review and curate knowledge. They adapted rapidly to new technologies, including the use of the internet to improve search and allow rapid rendering of information. This very success, the pervasive presence of the internet and the push for “open science” have led academics to question the current and future role of publishers, and others to actively disrupt the situation through the creation of sites allowing the posting of content without permission. The academic community itself is also being challenged to produce research with more societal impact and to ensure that what they do is reproducible, of high integrity and that the data and analytics are transparent, and available. The clinical community is also facing similar demands to improve quality and reduce errors and cost.
As a lifelong academic, I have seen that the response within publishing is to hear and respond to these concerns. More research is available immediately, embargo periods have been shortened and much thinking being brought to bear on how to help researchers in new ways. I will present some thinking within Elsevier about how we can work with academia and clinicians to respond to these various challenges. In particular, many sectors have been impacted by the use and re-use of data and better analytic capabilities to improve quality and performance. Our future will be built on responding to these challenges and the societal context we work in – whether in science or health.
14:30 – 16:00
Session 1: Building valuable Connections
Chair: Dr. Liz Marchant, Editorial Director, Routledge (Taylor & Francis), Oxford
- Early Career Researchers: a very big and strategic Market and one that is changing
Prof.Dr. David Nicholas, Director, CIBER Research Ltd., Newbury
Early career researchers (ECRs) are of great interest to the scholarly community because they are the new (many born digital) wave of researchers. If any community merits long and deep study it is this one, but we know surprisingly little about them and, crucially, whether they constitute the new world order. To correct this, CIBER are conducting a three-year longitudinal study of 110 ECRs. The talk provides the results of years 1 and 2 of the study and clearly things are changing in some very interesting ways.
- Building an Academic-Led Publisher for the Digital Age
Dr. Caroline Edwards, Senior Lecturer in Modern & Contemporary Literature at Birkbeck, University of London and Editorial Director of the 'Open Library of Humanities'
As open access becomes increasingly viable and publishing technologies evolve, academic-led publishers and university presses are finding new ways to imagine digital publishing. This talk will draw on Dr Caroline Edwards’ experience launching and running the Open Library of Humanities (OLH), an innovative charitable publisher in the humanities that has launched a not-for-profit model of high-quality open access journals publishing without transferring costs to authors. In addition to its distinctive model of international library partnership, the OLH is also leading the way in developing new publishing software and experimenting with editorial models and reuse of audio-visual content. This talk will consider the challenges and opportunities for a new kind of scholarly publishing in the era of open access and born-digital publishing.
- Collaborating to advance Metadata Quality: Metadata 2020
Prof.Dr. Eva Méndez, uc3m - Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
A group of over 60 individuals and many organizations across the broader scholarly communications community (including Crossref, DataCite, ORCID, OpenAIRE, California Digital Library, The Wikimedia Foundation, and OCLC, among others) have joined forces to tackle the critical issue in scholarly communications of sharing richer metadata.
Metadata 2020 is a collaboration that advocates for richer, connected, and reusable open metadata for all research outputs. Why?
- Richer metadata fuels discoverability and innovation.
- Connected metadata bridges the gaps between systems and communities.
- Reusable, open metadata eliminates duplication of effort.
Metadata 2020 is on the path to defining and communicating metadata best practices across the scholarly communications community. It is has formed community groups for publishers, librarians, platform and tool-makers, funders, researchers, and data repositories. These groups are working towards develop best practices and guiding principles for each community, in addition to finding points of intersection between the communities and addressing specific challenges.
In this session, we will share the preliminary findings from each community group, and invite contributions from meeting attendees to share their experiences, challenges, and solutions from their perspective after the meeting.
16:00 – 16:30
Coffee, Tea & Snacks
16:30 – 18:00
Session 2: All about Piracy: Presentations & Panel
Chair: Prof.Dr. Christian Sprang, Legal Counsel, German Association of Publishers and Booksellers (Börsenverein), Frankfurt am Main
From Dr. Fred Dylla: “Publishers made huge strides with the establishment of DOI’s and Crossref almost two decades ago, but we haven’t stayed ahead of the curve when a pirate (Sci-Hub) can illegally copy almost our entire corpus and offer simple one-click access anywhere in the world on any device.”
- Wouter Haak, VP Research Data Management, Elsevier, Amsterdam
- Dr. Duncan Campbell, Director, Global Sales Partnerships, Wiley, Oxford
- Wim van der Stelt, Strategic Relations Director, Springer Nature, Doetinchem
- Charlie Rapple, Co-Founder of Kudos, Wheatley
18:00 – 18:30
The APE Lecture
Introduction: Dr. Anke Beck, Managing Director, De Gruyter, Berlin
- Data and Analytics at the Heart of STM
Dr. Annette Thomas, CEO, Scientific & Academic Research, Clarivate Analytics, London
19:00 – 23:00
Conference Dinner in the ‘Refugium’
Please note: Only on invitation or with Ticket. Limited Seating!
DAY TWO: Wednesday, 17 January 2018
08:30 – 09:30
Coffee, Tea & Breakfast Snacks
09:00 – 09:30
Wake-up Session! The Door is open for Tim Britton
Have a coffee or tea and take the opportunity to listen to one of the leaders in Open Research. He will be introduced and interviewed by Drs. Eefke Smit, Director, Standards and Technology, The STM Association, Amsterdam.
Tim Britton is Managing Director of Open Research at Springer Nature and will talk about what ‘ingredients’ are needed to drive forward the transition to Open Access, the opportunities Open Data presents for academic publishers and researchers, and the benefits of Open Research to the wider community.
09:30 – 10:30
Session 3: Blockchain: Hype or Game Changer?
Chair: Drs. Eefke Smit, Director, Standards and Technology, The International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers, Amsterdam
Blockchain is the technology behind Bitcoin and offers a peer-2-peer network for Trust that potentially can disintermediate traditional brokering authorities like banks, notaries, perhaps even publishers? In this session we shall investigate what opportunities Blockchain has to offer in the STM publishing world. Come and listen as this is your moment to finally understand what Blockchain really is.
Joris van Rossum, publishing consultant and entrepreneur with a long background in STM Publishing, recently wrote a research report for Digital Science Inc, investigating the new possibilities of Blockchain. He will summarise the report that will be published in November 2017 and will sketch his own views on the ways Blockchain could be a game changer in the eco-system of scholarly publishing. Or will it turn out to be no more than a hype ?
After this introductory talk, a panel of 3 start-ups will explain the kind of blockchain services they have on offer for you or can co-develop with you.
Dr. Joris van Rossum, Director, Special Projects, Digital Science, London and author of the recently published Blockchain Report
- Dr. Soenke Bartling
Founder of Blockchain for Science
- Eveline Klumpers
Founder of Katalysis
- Lambert Heller
Digital Library Specialist, TIB Hannover
10:30 – 11:00
Coffee, Tea & Snacks
11:00 – 12:30
Session 4: Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Publishing
Chair: John Sack, Founding Director, HighWire Press, Inc., Los Gatos, CA
- What AI means for the Scholarly Publishing Industry
Tahir Mansoori, Founder, Director R&D, colwiz.com and wizdom.ai
AI has positioned itself as a disruptive force in multiple industries. Prediction of stock markets, self driving cars, automatic disease diagnosis, and beating of Alpha Go champion, all share the same underlying AI techniques that are currently being applied to the publishing industry. The only difference is the data/content supplied to these methods for knowledge extraction, without which all of these algorithms are essentially dumb and powerless. Scholarly literature represents the advances in collective knowledge of human civilisation, making it one of the largest and most powerful resource for data hungry AI algorithms.
In this session, Tahir Mansoori will demystify the artificial intelligence methods underlying breakthrough advances in multiple industries and show how they can be applied to scholarly publishing for scientific advancement and particularly to gain business advantage. Artificial intelligence demands big data, in aggregated and a standardised format. This is data that publishers, as custodians of the research process and its output, have readily available - including scholarly content (full text article content, references, supplementary material) and the data generated from business process around the publishing workflow (submission, peer review, rejection, download, subscription and sales). The decision to make the most of the breakthrough artificial intelligence toolbox stands with scholarly publishers, with an imminent need to reach a consensus on data sharing standards for ingestion by these algorithms and with the external innovators in this space. The session will conclude with discussion of ethical considerations and the limitations of AI methods for the publishing industry.
- Disseminating Knowledge
Dr. Thomas Lemberger, Dep. Head of Scientific Publications, EMBO, Heidelberg
Scientific progress depends on efficient sharing of reliable research findings. This implies transparency – to make the scientific process traceable – and openness –to accelerate the dissemination of research and thus the pace of scientific discovery. As we transition towards the open sharing of research data, as mandated by Europe’s Open Science Agenda, it will be crucial to develop technologies that make the data published in papers discoverable and reusable for synthesis and analysis. To address this issue, EMBO has built the SourceData platform (http://sourcedata.embo.org) that allows sharing figures and the underlying data in a way that is computer-readable and searchable. Datasets produced by related experiments can automatically be connected to each other across papers. As a result, a searchable knowledge graph can be assembled with elements that are directly linked to the published data. Readers can then interrogate this knowledge base with highly specific data-oriented search queries and they can intuitively navigate the network of related datasets from within published papers. Artificial intelligence algorithms and natural language processing methods using deep learning are currently being developed to extract the knowledge graph from the description provided in figure legends. Furthermore, a ‘scientist-in-the-loop’ workflow is being set up that allows supervision of the automation process by the authors. The platform will furthermore be integrated with editorial systems used by journals to handle manuscripts as well as with external data repositories, which will host data files linked to figures. SourceData will thus provide a direct link that bridges the scientific publishing process to existing open science resources, opening new avenues in the way peer-reviewed scientific results and knowledge can be shared across the literature.
- Machine Learning – Opportunities in Peer Review and Workflow
Richard Wynne, Vice President Sales and Marketing, Aries Systems Corporation, North Andover, MA
In this session we will explore the publisher’s role in the fast-changing world of open science and open scholarship. Machine learning is an important part of this transition, but its adoption only makes sense if it solves real problems and is valued by the community. We will see that Machine Learning is intrinsically connected to workflow, and explore detailed examples of its deployment in manuscript submission and peer review.
12:30 – 13:30
Lunch & Networking
13:30 – 15:00
Session 5: The Benefits of OA Books
Chair: Prof.Dr. Andreas Degkwitz, Director of the University Library, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
- OA Books: the Landscape
Eelco Ferwerda, Director, OAPEN, Amsterdam
DOAB, the Directory of Open Access Books, reported reaching the milestone of 10.000 open access books in December, from almost 250 publishers. OA Monographs have shown a consistent growth rate of over 50% in the past 5 years, making DOAB the fastest growing OA resource. However, making a large scale transition to OA books will require more work, more involvement from stakeholders, in particular funders and libraries, and a better understanding of the benefits of OA for books, in particular among authors. For this reason Knowledge Exchange initiated a ‘Landscape study on Open Access and Monographs’, with support from FWF, CRIStin and Couperin. The study, conducted by Eelco Ferwerda, Frances Pinter and Niels Stern, focussed on eight European countries: Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and the UK. It is the biggest landscape study on the conditions and potentials for Open Access books yet, based on almost 75 in-depth conversations among three stakeholder groups: Publishers, Funders and Libraries.
- Making OA work for Books
Dr. Frances Pinter, Director, Knowledge Unlatched Research, London
The Landscape Study on OA and monographs mentioned above produced a wide range of recommendations for all stakeholders in book publishing. This presentation will look at these in more detail and attempt to provide an overaching perspective on what is needed to make OA work for books. What are the essential elements to make OA books succeed and how will the various pieces of the puzzle fit together?
Frances will make use of the findings of the Landscape study, and also present the core findings of two recent studies on the uses of OA books, carried out by Knowledge Unlatched Research: An in-depth study on the challenges and opportunities associated with the growing availability of rich usage data for small OA monograph publishers; and a new report exploring how OA books are being found and used via the JSTOR platform.
- The OA-effect for Books
Ros Pyne, Head of Policy & Development, Open Research, Springer Nature, London
Ros will present the key findings of a recent white paper from Springer Nature, on ‘The OA effect: How does open access affect the usage of scholarly books?’ This report presents the first major comparative analysis of usage data for OA and non-OA scholarly books, and provides an informed view of how a book benefits from OA publication. It also highlights the challenges involved in measuring the impact of OA on scholarly books and suggests that there is much to do across the whole scholarly communications network in supporting authors and their funders.
15:00 – 16:30
Session 6: It's all open... so what next?
Chair: Dr. Eva E. Wille, Vice President & Executive Director, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim
The Transformation of Open Access and What it means for Libraries. What have we failed to see?
Dr. Rafael Ball, Director, ETH Libraries, Zürich
The transformation of scientific publishing is in full swing and the conversion of the business models from the subscription system to an author pays model is accelerated with full throttle. The actual drivers are, on the one hand, the journal prices and their increase over the last 10 years and, on the other hand, the idea that scientific results, which are publicly funded, should also be freely available to the public.
Libraries play a special role in this situation. On the one hand, they are heavily involved in the demand for this conversion (after all, they were the ones who could no longer pay the high subscription rates), at the same time they cut off an important - if not the decisive branch of their own existence. Thus, the intermediary between supply and demand, the organization and the management of the paywall (price / performance negotiations) are irretrievable. The information is freely accessible and free of charge to everyone on the web, a qualitative selection of the literature according to the scientific focus of the respective university is superfluous and cataloguing is pointless. At the same time the entire information management of the scientific community achieves a complexity that can hardly be achieved any more: payment information is available alongside freely accessible literature, printed alongside electronic, license - based alongside APC financed etc.
This Keynote describes what we have failed to see during the transition of scientific publishing and which tasks will still remain for the library of the future.
- Open Science - how can Publishers best provide Value amidst changing User Expectations?
Nicko Goncharoff, Chief Business Development Officer, Digital Science, London
The drive to make scholarly research more open is not just affecting business models or content access rights. It’s also changing how researchers expect to interact with articles, books and their related data. It’s as much about efficiency as open access, driven by technology as much as principle. Publishers are not the only ones being ‘disrupted’ here - researchers and authors are also grappling with major changes to their workflows.
Although the Open Access business model is growing as a percentage of all published scholarly content, that growth is steady, not explosive, meaning subscriptions will likely be around for the foreseeable future. But that’s not really the issue. Rather, publishers are now looking at how they can generate revenue in ways that show clear value and adapt to changing user expectations, beyond the institutional site license or article processing charge.
This work is underway, but to truly adapt, the industry will likely need to become more collaborative and open to integrating both content and technologies with other research community stakeholders. This talk will look at some initial steps, propose some following ones and highlight challenges as well as opportunities.
- Data Whisperers: Asking Questions, Finding Answers
Ann Michael, President, DeltaThink, Philadelphia , PA and Nicola Poser, Managing Director, RedLink, Westborough, MA
Where are the business models dominating scholarly publishing going now and going next? This presentation will cover major trends in spending, demand, and utilization for subscription and OA business models. Data available from thousands of publications and dozens of publishers has been aggregated and analyzed to reveal new opportunities and concerns. Ann Michael from DeltaThink and Nicola Poser from RedLink will provide brief and provocative insights into market dynamics.
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